Having to look at yellow toenails – yours or a friend’s – is the stuff of nightmares. If your discolored, yellow nails have nothing to do with lack of hygiene, you might be suffering from a nail fungus.
Luckily, it doesn’t readily spread from person to person, but it can very easily spread to healthy nails surrounding the fungal infection.
Wondering how to get rid of toenail fungus? Just read on.
- Causes and Symptoms of a Nail Fungus
- Preventing a Nail Fungus
- Home Treatment for a Nail Fungus
- Method 1: Bee Propolis
- Method 2: Use Vicks VapoRub
- Method 3: Use Tea Tree Oil and Coconut Oil
- Method 4: Use Hydrogen Peroxide and White Vinegar
- Method 5: Use Cornmeal
- Tips to get relief from toenail fungus
Causes and Symptoms of a Nail Fungus
- Nail fungus affects toenails more often than fingernails, due to the fungi-friendly dark, moist and warm environment inside your shoes. (1)
- A fungal infection in the nails can be marked by discoloration and yellowing of the nails. The infected nails can become thick and crumbly as well. Depending on the type of fungus and its severity, it may also present as a white, friable patch on the surface of the nail, or involve the nailbed. (1)
- A progressed infection may cause pain, inflammation and give rise to secondary infections. The brittle and ragged nails also may separate from the nail bed and emit a foul odor.
Preventing a Nail Fungus
- Clean your feet and hands regularly, and keep your nails trimmed short and dry.
- Wear sandals or other open-toed shoes when you can, and always wear absorbent cotton socks when you have to wear closed shoes.
- Never go barefoot in public places like swimming pools, showers, and locker rooms. This will help prevent you from picking up a nail fungus.
- Wear gloves while cleaning or doing dishes by hand to avoid overexposure to water as this keeps the fingernails moist for prolonged periods of time, making them susceptible to a fungal infection.
- Never pick at the skin around your nails, as besides giving rise to hangnails it also makes the nails vulnerable to fungal infection.
- Make sure your salon sterilizes the instruments used in manicures and pedicures. You should also give your nails a break from artificial nails and nail polish from time to time.
Home Treatment for a Nail Fungus
Home remedies and mild over-the-counter applications can effectively treat nail fungus. They key is to find what works for you, and be persistent until the infection goes away completely.
File down the fungus-affected nails with a good nail file as much as you can before starting the remedies for maximum benefit. Keep filing the nail regularly during the course of the remedy. This will allow the treatment to work better and allow your healthy nail to grow out faster.
Here are five simple remedies to get rid of a nail fungus.
Method 1: Bee Propolis
Propolis is a resinous compound produced by bees to protect their hives. It has also been found to contain significant antifungal and anti-biofilm properties. A recent study showed that it has a demonstrable ability to heal nail fungus as well. (2)
Things you’ll need:
- Bee Propolis Extract (preferably in liquid form)
- Soap and warm water
- Nail Brush
Step 1. Clean nails and apply the extract
- Wash nail with soap and warm water.
- Scrub affected nail with nail brush afterward.
- Place two drops on affected nail twice daily.
- Repeat this process two times a day, for six months.
Method 2: Use Vicks VapoRub
While there are numerous hacks for using Vicks VapoRub, here we’re focusing on its utility as an efficient nail fungus treatment. This remedy is not only hailed by home remedy aficionados but is also supported by health care providers and recent studies. (3)
Camphor, menthol, eucalyptus oil, turpentine oil, cedar leaf oil, and nutmeg oil are the active ingredients in Vicks VapoRub that make it effective against toenail fungus. The petroleum jelly base softens the nails and promotes growth.
Things you’ll need:
- Vicks VapoRub (acts as a fungicidal agent)
Step 1. Cover the affected nails with Vicks
- Apply Vicks VapoRub on the clean and dry toenails affected with the fungus.
- Get the Vicks under the nail as much as you can, and liberally coat the skin around the infected toenails.
Step 2. Wrap the toenails in gauze
- Wrap a gauze bandage around the toes with the infected nails, securing the Vicks over the affected area.
- Avoid wrapping the bandage too tight.
- Do this before going to bed and leave it on overnight.
- Repeat every night for 2 to 3 months for complete recovery.
Method 3: Use Tea Tree Oil and Coconut Oil
Essential oils are effective fungicidal agents, capable of inhibiting fungal growth and promoting healthy nail growth. The anti-inflammatory properties of essential oils can be especially helpful if there is pain and inflammation in the affected nails.
Of all the essential oils, tea tree oil is perhaps the most beneficial against a nail fungus. If your nail fungus is odorous, you can also add orange or any other citrus essential oil to combat the foul smell. Use the essential oils in a small amount of nourishing carrier oil like coconut oil. This oil not only acts as a carrier but also nourishes and provides an extra antifungal boost. (4)
Things you’ll need:
- Coconut oil (provides nourishment) – 1 teaspoon
- Orange essential oil (combats foul odor)– ½ teaspoon
- Tea tree essential oil (fungicidal agent) – 1 teaspoon
Step 1. Combine the ingredients
- Put 1 teaspoon of coconut oil in a small bowl and add ½ teaspoon of orange essential oil to it.
- Add 1 teaspoon of tea tree essential oil to it and mix well.
Step 2. Treat the nail fungus with the essential oil blend
- Dip a sterile cotton ball into the essential oil blend.
- Put the soaked cotton ball over the affected nail, saturating it entirely. Make sure that you get the oils under the nail bed.
- If the surrounding skin feels sensitive to the essential oils, apply a coat of petroleum jelly first to protect it.
- Multiple applications throughout the day will keep the infected nails saturated with the healing essential oils.
- Continue using the remedy for 2 to 3 months for full recovery.
Method 4: Use Hydrogen Peroxide and White Vinegar
Generally used to disinfect cuts and wounds, hydrogen peroxide may also get rid of a fingernail or toenail fungus. Although not proven scientifically, anecdotes suggest great results. (5)
Additionally, when alternated with vinegar soaks, this method has great healing potential.
Things you’ll need:
- 3% hydrogen peroxide (fungicidal agent)
- 5% White vinegar (inhibits fungal growth)
Day 1- Hydrogen Peroxide Soak
- Pour hydrogen peroxide in a bowl or container, enough to cover the affected nail. Dilute it with an equal quantity of water.
- Soak nail for 5 minutes, while pressing down on the nail, and releasing it throughout this duration of time. This allows the hydrogen peroxide to make its way through all the nail crevices and attack the infection source.
Day 2- Vinegar Soak
- Repeat the same steps as Day 1, this time using a vinegar soak instead.
- Continue alternating soaks each day and do so until nail fungus clears.
Method 5: Use Cornmeal
Cornmeal, while not having scientific evidence to support it, has anecdotally been found to be beneficial in treating a nail fungus for many. Regular use can help with the pain and discomfort associated with the fungus as well as promoting healthy nail growth.
Step 1. Combine the ingredients
- Put ¼ cup of cornmeal into 1 quart of water and let it sit undisturbed for 1 hour.
Step 2. Soak the infected nails in the cornmeal mush
- Soak the nails with fungus in the cornmeal mush for about 30 minutes.
- Rinse with plain water and pat dry with a towel.
- Repeat every day before going to bed for 1 month for good results.
Tips to get relief from toenail fungus
- You can substitute olive oil with grapeseed oil in the essential oil remedy.
- You can infuse coconut oil with camphor to treat a nail fungus.
- Combine one or more remedies for faster recovery. For example, follow soaks and footbaths with topical applications.
- Westerberg DP, Voyack MJ. Onychomycosis: Current trends in diagnosis and treatment. American Family Physician. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24364524. Published December 1, 2013.
- Veiga, F. F, Silva da, et al. Propolis Extract for Onychomycosis Topical Treatment: From Bench to Clinic. Frontiers in Microbiology. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5996904/. Published April 5, 2018.
- Derby R, Rohal P, Jackson C, Beutler A, Olsen C. Novel treatment of onychomycosis using over-the-counter mentholated ointment: a clinical case series. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21209346. Published 2011.
- Christenson JK, Peterson GM, Naunton M, et al. Challenges and Opportunities in the Management of Onychomycosis. Journal of Fungi. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6162761/. Published September 2018.
- Akhtar N, Sharma H, Pathak K. Onychomycosis: Potential of Nail Lacquers in Transungual Delivery of Antifungals. Scientifica. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4829734/. Published 2016.
Summary of How to Get Rid of Toenail Fungus
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