You get a new knife set over the weekend and feel no less than a Michelin chef, showing off your chopping skills. But the overenthusiastic inner child of yours gets a little reckless, and you end up with a big nick on your thumb.
Nicks and cuts are fairly common. You can get one while cooking dinner, taming the shrubs in your garden or working on an art or home redecorating project. Small wounds and lacerations are also common among biking, hiking, and other sports enthusiasts.
Cuts and wounds of such nature are nothing serious and tend to stop bleeding and heal up on their own. But it’s important to take care of them and clean them thoroughly so that they don’t develop into an infection.
Read on to learn the basic first aid for minor cuts and wounds, and also some home remedies to stop bleeding from cuts and wounds in less than a minute.
- Basic First Aid: 3 Easy Steps
- Home Remedies
- Method 1: Coffee Grounds
- Method 2: Cayenne Pepper
- Method 3: Raw Honey
- Method 4: Ground Black Pepper
- Method 5: Styptic Pencil/Alum
- Method 6: Vaseline
- Tips to keep in mind
Basic First Aid: 3 Easy Steps
Before proceeding with any home remedies, it is important to administer first aid on the cut or wound. If the cut is not too deep, cleaning it thoroughly and applying pressure on the wound should stop the bleeding in less than a minute. (1)
Here are the three basic steps of first aid.
Step 1. Apply direct pressure on the cut
- With clean hands, apply direct pressure on the bleeding cut for 10 minutes. It’s even better if you can place a clean cloth, paper towel or piece of gauze over the wound and then apply pressure to stop the bleeding.
- For those that bleed more easily should hold firm pressure on the wound for 20-30 minutes without lifting or peaking at the site during the firm pressure.
Step 2. Clean the wound with water
- Rinse the wound with clean water to wash away any dirt or impurities. (1)
Step 3. Place an ice cube over the cut to reduce bleeding and seal the wound
- Place an ice cube over the cut to constrict the blood vessels and reduce the bleeding. This will also give time for the blood to coagulate and seal the wound.
If the bleeding doesn’t stop even after these basic first aid steps, proceed with one of the following home remedies to stop bleeding from cuts and wounds in less than a minute.
Method 1: Coffee Grounds
Who knew your beloved espressos could give you more than a caffeine punch? If the first aid hasn’t helped you, leftover coffee grounds can work quite effectively to stop bleeding from minor cuts. (2)
If you don’t have coffee grounds handy, you can also use dry instant coffee.
Single-Step Treatment: Put coffee grounds over the cut
- Sprinkle coffee grounds evenly over the wound.
- Leave it for 5 to 10 minutes, then brush it off.
Coffee grounds will stop the bleeding immediately in minor cuts. However, you can use it 3 times a day if the wound continues to bleed.
Method 2: Cayenne Pepper
Though applying cayenne pepper on a wound sounds like it would be awfully painful, it really isn’t. Cayenne pepper is an old and popular folk remedy to stop bleeding from cuts and wounds in less than a minute.
The active ingredient called capsaicin in cayenne pepper also blocks pain signals to the brains, thus alleviating pain. It also helps clot the blood more quickly to help slow the bleeding.
Single-Step Treatment: Put cayenne pepper on the cut
- Put some cayenne pepper on the wound and let it sit for 5 minutes.
- Brush it off and check on the wound.
- If needed, reapply the cayenne pepper and bandage the wound to keep it safe from infection and promote faster healing. Change the dressing every day to keep the wound clean and dry.
Cayenne pepper can stop the bleeding from small cuts or wounds within 10 seconds. However, repeat the remedy 2 or 3 times a day if the bleeding continues.
Method 3: Raw Honey
Honey has been used for centuries for beauty and as a natural healer due to its antibiotic properties. (3) When applied on a bleeding wound, honey produces hydrogen peroxide that disinfects the wound and also promotes faster healing of the skin.
Single-Step Treatment: Cover the cut with raw honey
- Smear a generous amount of raw honey over the cut.
- Cover the wound with a bandage if it feels messy.
- Wash it off after 10 minutes.
- Reapply the honey if the bleeding hasn’t stopped by then.
Applying honey on minor cuts should stop the bleeding in 10 to 15 seconds, but keep it on for 10 minutes to kill any bacteria at the site of the wound. Continue to apply it twice daily to help the wound heal faster.
Method 4: Ground Black Pepper
Black pepper is another natural antibacterial agent that can make blood coagulate quickly and stop the bleeding from small- or medium-sized cuts and wounds.
It also promotes faster healing and helps prevent scarring. It is a popular alternative remedy in many households with no scientific evidence.
Single-Step Treatment: Sprinkle ground black pepper on the cut
- Sprinkle a generous amount of ground black pepper over the wound.
- Apply pressure on the wound using your clean fingers or a clean cloth or bandage.
- Wrap the wound with a bandage.
The bleeding will stop within 1 minute. Keep the bandage on, preferably overnight.
Change the dressing the next day if needed. However, you need not to apply black pepper again. Use an antiseptic cream to keep the wound protected from infection.
Method 5: Styptic Pencil/Alum
You can also use a styptic pencil or an alum block to stop bleeding from small nicks and cuts. Alum is commonly used to seal cuts caused during wet shaving and treat canker sores.
A styptic pencil is made from powdered crystals of alum and a wax binder pressed into a handy stick form.
Alum is a form of aluminum sulfate that has astringent properties. It can constrict the blood capillaries and stop bleeding instantly.
Single-Step Treatment: Rub alum or a styptic pencil over the cut
- Rub an alum block or styptic pencil directly over the cut.
- Wait for a few seconds and reapply if needed.
Alum or styptic pencils can stop bleeding from cuts and wounds in less than a minute and heal the wound quickly. If needed, repeat the remedy 2 or 3 times in a day if the wound continues to bleed.
Method 6: Vaseline
Though Vaseline does not speed up the coagulation of blood in any way, it creates a protective seal over the wound that prevents it from infection and also stops the blood from flowing out. The blood then gets sufficient time to clot naturally and seal the wound.
Applying a generous amount of Vaseline is best in order to seal the wound to further prevent backflow of blood.
Single-Step Treatment: Apply Vaseline over the cut or wound
- Scoop out some Vaseline with your finger.
- Apply it generously to cover the entire cut or wound.
Vaseline will prevent the blood flow and help to stop the bleeding within 2 to 3 minutes.
Tips to keep in mind
- You can help cuts and wounds heal faster by applying turmeric on them. Just mix some turmeric powder with water to make a thick paste, and apply a poultice over the wound for 12 to 24 hours.
- Calendula tincture can also be applied on a wound to stop bleeding immediately.
- Applying aloe vera gel will also help a scrape or cut heal faster and prevent scarring.
- Cuts and grazes. NHS Choices. http://hereforyouhampshire.nhs.uk/CutsAndGrazes.html.
- Ojeh N, Stojadinovic O, Pastar I, Sawaya A, Yin N, Tomic-Canic M. The effects of caffeine on wound healing. International wound journal. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25041108. Published October 2016.
- Ranzato E, Martinotti S, Burlando B. Honey exposure stimulates wound repair of human dermal fibroblasts. Burns & trauma. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4994496/. Published June 18, 2013.
Summary of How to Stop Bleeding from Cuts and Wounds
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